Hemp Genetics FAQs

Frequently asked questions

When is the best time to plant Hemp?

In most of the United States the optimal hemp planting dates are between May and June but this doesn't mean that you cannot grow a great field of hemp if you plant in July (It has been done before). If you plan to plant in August we recommend only growing Autoflower. If you have questions regarding hemp planting times for a specific region please contact us and we can help you decide the best planting date for your hemp.

When do I harvest Hemp?

When you harvest your Hemp all depends on the hemp genetics; some hemp finishes earlier than others. In most states, hemp harvest occurs between September-October. First Seed Farms can help suggest hemp varieties for your region to optimize harvest with weather patterns.

How to prevent Hemp from going hot?

Cannabinoid content develops as the hemp plants begin to flower, usually starting in August or September depending on the variety. It is important for you to work with a local lab to monitor your field. Stressed hemp plants can have enhanced cannabinoid content (including THC), so it is important to work hard at growing happy, non-stressed hemp plants (harder said than done!).

What is a COA?

A COA is a document that shows the potential potency of cannabis plants using either gas or liquid chromatography. COA stands for “Certificate of Analysis.” Testing is usually done by a third party laboratory that specializes in cannabis potency testing.

Do Hemp plants contain THC?

All Hemp plants produce some amount of THC, which can be compliant or not depending on your state’s industrial hemp program depending when you harvest. As the hemp plants’s flowers mature both CBD and THC develop together.

Are First Seed Farms hemp plants compliant with State THC standards?

All cultivars that we sell to farmers will yield a desirable CBD percentage while remaining under 0.3% total THC. Note that because CBD and THC are produced over time within the hemp plant as its flowers mature, any hemp plant can exceed 0.3% total THC if it’s allowed to grow long enough.

What is Biomass compared to smokeable Flower?

Hemp Biomass is a mix of both the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant. After harvest, the plant is fully dried and the leaves and flowers are removed from the stems, and then oil is extracted from the biomass. Smokeable Flower refers to only the top hemp flowers, or colas, of the hemp plant. These dense colas are harvested, dried, cured, and trimmed to produce a flower with many uses beyond extraction. The lower leaves and flowers that remain can then be used for biomass. For more information on hemp biomass or smokeable hemp dried flower please contact us.

How much Biomass per hemp plant?

The amount of biomass from each hemp plant varies based on planting date, soil conditions, watering, and more. The better the growing conditions, the larger the plants and the higher your yields. A very rough estimate would be one pound of dried hemp biomass per each hemp plant.

How much water does hemp need?

Using Center Pivot: hemp plants use about 1⁄3 of the water that corn requires. Using flood irrigation: hemp uses 1⁄2 of the water that corn requires. Drip irrigation is used on the most successful fields that maintain the best quality of the product.

Which is the best hemp strain to grow?

When deciding which hemp genetics to plant it’s important to consider growth habit, desired end product, and flowering time. It’s much more than just the cannabinoid content. If you need help choosing which hemp strain to grow, please contact us and we will assist you in finding the right strain based on your farming/growing operation, desired end product, and region.

What happens when Hemp gets pollinated?

If hemp is pollinated, the hemp plants will produce hemp seeds. This means that the hemp plant’s flowers will be less developed, and their overall cannabinoid content will be lower. Once hemp is pollinated, the hemp plants begin to send all of their energy into generating hemp seed, which lowers overall cannabinoid potency.

Can you help process / sell my final hemp product?

First Seed Farms has a wide network of hemp processors, retailers, marketers and more However, we do not broker biomass/flower sales. First Seed Farms is all about connection and helping hemp farmers close the loop by securing profitable contracts with reputable buyers.

What are the benefits of using hemp clones?

Hemp clones are genetically consistent and express the same genetics and phenotypes because they are taken from the same mother plant. Clones are taken only from female hemp plants which produce high CBD flower without the risk of pollination or going to seed. Choosing Hemp clones is also a cost effective because the hemp clones come ready to plant so you don’t need to worry about germination , soil, watering, or growing your plants indoors. For more information on hemp clones, please contact us.

I have been burned by seed providers in the past, why should I trust First Seed Farms?

In 2019, many hemp farmers planted feminized hemp seed only to find that the seed was either not actually feminized or had high rates of hermaphroditism. Known as a “herm,” these plants display both female and male plant parts. Properly produced feminized seed is third-party tested for germination rate and male/female ratio, and has had a documented grow-out trial prior to selling. Making sure you know and trust the people who produced and are selling the seed is very important.

Which is best: Seeds vs. seedlings vs. clones?

Hemp Farmers save money by sprouting hemp seed in a greenhouse, but there are still risks involved because those hemp plants need approximately 4-5 weeks in a greenhouse before they can be moved outside. First Seed Farms offers germination services, we will germinate the feminized seeds for you and prepare them to move into your hemp field. Contact us for more information on our germination services. Planting hemp clones is the best way for hemp farmers to plant with peace of mind. Our clones are from a female plant, from a single seed selection that was tested for CBD/THC as well as growth, vigor, habit, and other factors. Using hemp clones is only way to ensure true consistency and that no males are in your hemp field. The downside of using hemp clones is that it is a time consuming and difficult process, which is why hemp clones are the most expensive option.

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Products on this site contain no delta-9 THC or products on this site contain a value of 0.3% or less delta-9 THC. The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act require this notice.